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An Introduction to Law - Fifth Edition

ISBN/SKU: 978-605-399-075-8

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As its title suggests, this book deals with the basics of law, though it also contains many elements drawn from legal theory and philosophy.

Who will this book be important for? I see many different groups ofreaders who should be interested. The book is, of course, highly relevant and useful for newcomers to the law. Here they will read and learn about the important principles of law. But it will also be valuable for experienced lawyers who every so often wish to return to the basics, the sources as it were, and to measure their concepts of the law with these basic considerations. Given the vast field of law, it is fascinating –and indeed reassuring– to see that certain basic principles apply to all fields of law. In addition, I believe that this book will provide stimulating reading for laypersons who wish to see what ‘law is all about’.

I wish this wonderful text the success which it duly and truly deserves
Prof. Dr. Mark VILLIGER, Judge at the European Court of Human Rights 

This book will give motivated students a good taste of the many varieties and forms of law, as well as a basic understanding of the functions, origins and foundations of legal systems, national and international.
John DARCY, Registry, European Court of Human Rights

ix Preface for 2017 Edition
xi Preface of the 2009 Edition
xv Foreword
1 PART ONE Law and Other Rules of Social Conduct
3 CHAPTER ONE Society and Order
7 CHAPTER TWO Social Order
7 1) Moral Order
8 A) Relations Between Moral and Legal Rules
11 B) Public and Private Morality
12 C) Law and Justice
16 D) Where Law and Morals Diverge
18 E) Discussion Points
18 2) Religious Order
18 A) Introduction
19 B) The Nature of Religious Rules
20 C) Secularization of Turkish Law
23 D) The Place of Religion in Turkish Law
24 3) Rules of Manners (Etiquette)
27 CHAPTER THREE Characteristics Which Distinguish
Legal Rules (Norms) from Other Rules of Conduct
33 CHAPTER FOUR Application of Legal Rules
33 1) The Law and the Facts
34 2) The Methods of Reasoning Employed
in Reaching the Judgment
35 A) Syllogism
36 B) Argumentum a Contrario
36 C) Analogy
37 3) Burden of Proof (Onus Probendi; İspat Yükü)
40 4) Presumptions (Karineler; Belirgeler)
41 Statutory (Legal) Presumptions
42 Rebuttable Presumptions
42 Presumption of Innocence
43 Presumption of Good Faith
43 Presumption of Ownership
43 Presumption of Paternity
43 Irrebuttable (Conclusive) Presumptions
45 5) Interpretation of Legal Rules
46 A) Methods of Interpretation
47 a) Textual (Literal) Interpretation
48 b) Historical Interpretation (Legislative History)
48 c) Logical Interpretation
48 d) Teleological Interpretation
49 e) Free or Unrestricted Interpretation
49 f) Interpretation in the field of International Law
51 CHAPTER FIVE Sources of Law
55 CHAPTER SIX Legal Systems of the World
55 1) Introduction
58 2) A Brief Comparison Between “Civilian”
and “Common” Law Systems
61 PART TWO Branches of Law
63 CHAPTER ONE Introduction
67 CHAPTER TWO Public Law - Private Law
69 CHAPTER THREE Public Law
69 1) The Fundamental Concept of Public Law: The State
70 A) Territory
71 B) Population
72 C) Sovereignty
73 2) Branches of Public Law
74 A) Constitutional Law (Anayasa Hukuku)
74 a) In General
76 b) The Rule of Law
78 c) Secularism
78 d) Respect for Human Rights
80 e) Democratic State
81 f) National State
81 g) Social State
82 h) Judicial Review
82 aa) Action for Annulment
83 bb) The Constitutional Objection (Incidental Proceedings)
84 cc) Constitutional Complaint
84 B) Administrative Law (İdare Hukuku)
84 a) In General
87 b) Administrative Organization of Turkey
87 aa) Central Administration
88 bb) Provincial and Municipal Administration
89 cc) Emergency Powers of the Administration
90 dd) Control of Public Administration
90 (i) In General
91 (ii) Judicial Review
92 C) Criminal Law (Ceza Hukuku)
92 a) In General
93 aa) Definition of Crimes
95 bb) Punishment Imposed After Conviction
96 b) Aims of Punishment
97 c) Criminal Cases Distinguished From Civil Cases
98 D) Law of Procedure (Usul Hukuku)
99 a) Civil Procedure
100 b) Criminal Procedure
101 c) Other Legal Procedures
101 E) Public International Law (Kamusal Uluslararası Hukuk)
105 F) Environmental Law (Çevre Hukuku)
107 CHAPTER FOUR Private Law
107 1) Introduction
108 2) Branches of Private Law
108 A) Civil Law
109 B) The Preliminary Chapter of the Civil Code
110 a) Law of Persons
112 b) Family Law
112 c) Law of Succession (Inheritence)
114 d) Law of Property
114 e) Law of Obligations
118 C) Commercial Law (Ticaret Hukuku)
118 a) Introduction
120 b) Commercial Partnerships
121 (i) General Partnership (Kollektif Şirket)
121 (ii) Limited (Commandité) Partnership (Komandit Şirket)
122 (iii) Joint Stock Company (Anonim Şirket)
122 (iv) Partnership with Limited Liability (Limited Şirket)
122 (v) Co-operative Partnership
123 b) Negotiable Instruments
123 D) Private International Law
123 a) Conflict of Laws
125 b) Law of Nationality
127 c) Law of Aliens
127 3) Branches of Law Where Public and
Private Characteristics are Mixed
128 Labour Law
131 Index
139 Annexes
141 Annex 1: The Constitution of the Republic of Turkey
(General Principles)
145 Annex 2: Turkish Civil Code; Preliminary Chapter
147 Annex 3: Universal Declaration of Human Rights
153 Annex 4: The French Constitution of 4 October 1958
(Preamble and Articles 1-4)
155 Annex 5: German Constitution (Basic Law)
(Preamble and Articles 1-19)
163 Annex 6: Constitution of the Italian Republic (Articles 1-12)
165 Glossaries
169 English-Turkish Glossary
315 Turkish-English Glossary

Rona Aybay

Rona Aybay

1935’te İstanbul’da doğdu. İstanbul Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi’ni 1959’da bitirdikten sonra aynı fakültede doktora yapan Aybay, 1964’te Columbia Üniversitesi’nde Mukayeseli Hukuk masterini tamamladı. 1973’te doçent, 1980’de de profesör oldu. ODTÜ’de Kamu Yönetimi bölümü başkanlığı, ODTÜ İdari İlimler Fakültesi Dekanlığı ve A.Ü. Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi (SBF) dekan yardımcılığında da bulunan Rona Aybay, 12 Eylül’den sonra YÖK’ün 1402 sayılı yasaya dayandırdığı bir kararla üniversiteden uzaklaştırıldı; 7 yıl sonra Danıştay kararıyla üniversiteye döndü. Avrupa Konseyi Irkçılık ve Hoşgörüsüzlükle Savaşım Komisyonu ile Bosna-Hersek’teki insan hakları ihlâllerini incelemekle görevli AGİT komisyonu üyeliklerinde bulunan Aybay, Bosna-Hersek İnsan Hakları Mahkemesi’nde, kurulduğu 1996 yılından, kapandığı 2003 yılına kadar Avrupa Konseyi tarafından seçilmiş uluslararası yargıç olarak görev yapmıştır. Aybay, Avrupa İnsan Hakları Mahkemesi’nin etkenliğini arttırmak üzere, Avrupa Konseyi’nce oluşturulan 11 üyeli “Akil Kişiler Grubu”na üye seçilmiştir. 2006-2011 yıllarında Türkiye Barolar Birliği İnsan Hakları Merkezi Başkanı olan Prof. Dr. Rona Aybay’ın Faşizm (Murat Sarıca ile birlikte, 1962), Karşılaştırmalı 1961 Anayasası (1963), Robert Owen (1970, 2005 ve 2012) ve Yurttaşlık (Vatandaşlık) Hukuku (1982, yeni basım 2006), Esra Dardağan ile birlikte Yasaların Uluslararası Düzeyde Çatışması (Kanunlar İhtilafı) (2005) ve Yabancılar Hukuku (2005, yeni basım 2007), Uluslararası Yargı (2013), An Introduction to Law (dördüncü basım 2013), Tarih ve Hukuk Açısından Konsolosluk (2009), İnsan Hakları Hukuku (2015), İnsan Hakları Evrensel Bildirisi (2016), Uluslararası Kamusal Hukuk (Elif Oral ile birlikte, 2016) gibi kitapları vardır. Yazar, Yakın Doğu (KKTC) Üniversitesi’nde ders vermektedir.



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